Psychology plays a significant role in the Workplace and People’s Life: But first,

What is Workplace Psychology?

“Workplace Psychology” refers to the practice of applying psychological principles and practices to a work environment. It is an applied Science in the Field of Psychology. The goal is to Spot and solve problems, Increase employee satisfaction, and Improve workplace dynamics. While it is frequently brought up as Industrial-organizational psychology, other names for this Subject area is IO Psychology, Work Psychology, Business Psychology, and Occupational Psychology.

Did you know?

“The U.S Army uses Psychological tests to place recruits in appropriate jobs.”
– IO Psychology Spector 6th ed

Why is Workplace Psychology important?

Studies have shown that using psychology at work can help solve the issues and create improvement within the workplace. We must admit that the workplace can be a quite stressful setup. Employers rummage around for ways to control this stress because it is a crucial part of employee productivity and job satisfaction.

How can understanding Industrial psychology or Workplace psychology help at your house of work?

Workplace psychology principles during the initial phase can help employers to spot key skills, educational requirements, and Work experience their employees must possess. Knowing these enables the employer to draft the acceptable job descriptions, roles, and orient the interview process towards assessing for these qualities.

Workplace Psychology
Workplace Psychology – Image Source: Sciencesource

4 Key Aspects of Workplace Psychology

1. The Role of Workplace Psychology in Compensation

[the method of concealing or offsetting a psychological difficulty by developing in another direction.]

Compensation is a vital part of employee satisfaction and, psychology within the workplace.

Workplace psychology strategies should always take this into consideration when developing compensation strategies like pay-for-performance plans.

2. Psychology of Motivations & Productivity within the Workplace:

Workplace Psychology
Workplace Psychology

Increased motivation results in increased productivity. However, the reverse might be true. Workplace psychology offers the tactics that help in finding ways of problem-solving, applying the process of problem-solving, sharing accurate and much far deserved results in performance appraisals, immediate actions on difficulties of an employee. Timely salaries and commissions can also improve motivation. This process of motivation if done right can yield great productivity.

3. Training and Development Supported by Industrial-Organizational Psychologist:

You might be wondering what does an Industrial-Organizational Psychologist do?

Well, Workplace psychologists use psychology research strategies to assess workplace environments, identify areas that need improvement, and develop strategies to address those issues.

They may conduct surveys and individual assessments and evaluation programs for effectiveness.

They focus on the issues in specific areas of need. This might include issues like talent acquisition, management & retention, leadership, workplace productivity and psychological individual support.

Workplace psychology can help employers to pinpoint their staff training needs. It can even guide them in delivering the relevant training in an engaging fashion. This training often consists of intellectual enrichment for a selected work setting.

4. Psychology of Performance and Appraisals Using IO Psychology Tools

Performance appraisals are a system of measuring both QUALITY AND QUANTITY of work performance of employees at the Workplace. The performance is evaluated against factors such as initiatives, leadership abilities, supervision, dependability, cooperation, judgment, etc.

It is a systematic way of measuring both, work-related behaviours and therefore the potential of employees. This evaluation helps in taking the choices about the employees regarding their promotions, special increments, transfer, and salary changes.

Hence understanding the Methods of Workplace Psychology Performance and Appraisals using Industrial-Organizational tools is critical. There are various methods being used to achieve effective results in the Workplace. A lot of large organisations use them worldwide.

Let me tell you the Two widely used methods. The first is Management by Objective and the second is Psychological Appraisals.

#1. Management by Objective (MOB)

MOB was developed by Peter duck (1954) & Douglas Mc Gregor (1960). It has been developed as a Modern method of performance appraisals.

Industrial-Organizational psychologist plays a very important role here. The atmosphere is characterized by empathy, mutual respect, and equality. Some steps are shown below.

Management By Objectives
Management By Objectives

This method focuses attention on the results and techniques to realize the output.

Did you know?

“Hindustan Lever Limited uses this Technique of appraisal.”

– IO Psychology Spector 6th ed

Ideal for:

Measuring the quantitative and qualitative output of senior management like managers, directors, and executives (business of any size)

#2. Psychological Appraisals

The psychological appraisal comes in handy to determine or work out the hidden potential of employees. This method is used to analyze seven major components of employee performances such as interpersonal skills, cognitive abilities, intellectual traits, leadership skills, personality traits, emotional quotient, and other related skills. Industrial-Organizational Psychologists conduct a variety of tests (in-depth interviews, psychological tests, discussions, and more) to assess an employee effectively.

Ideal for:

Large enterprises, who can use psychological appraisals for an array of reasons including the development of a leadership pipeline, team building, conflict resolution, and more.

Did you know?

“FORD Motors, EXXON Mobil, Procter & Gamble use psychological appraisals to test personality and performance of their employees.”

– IO Psychology Spector 6th ed

People are more complicated than Machine – A lot more than we know.

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