Thursday, January 28, 2021

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Nirav Modi – The scam Explained in Simple words

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Nirav Modi is the first name we think off when somebody use the word Scam? do you know Nirav Modi? As a diamond merchant or A person who did the scam?. Well, this question is still open for all. He was a well establish diamond merchant with a vision to place his brand globally with competitions like a cartier! What happened to the vision Nirav Modi and the team claimed? The most asked Question about Nirav Modi is not his latest diamond collection but how he succussed to do the scam of such magnitude?

Who is Nirav Modi?

The time that his alleged financial Shenanigan made the headlines in the country and his fleeing the country inspired the hilarious #FindingNimo. The name Nirav Modi rang a bell at least for ordinary Mumbaikars thanks to hoardings plastered across the city. But the 47- old Haut Diamantaire had in less than a decade become a name to reckon with among the luxury diamond jewellery brands. His client includes Dakota johnson seen here at golden globes and kate Winslet seen here at 2016 Oscars.as per the link posted on his website Modi’s career as a jewellery designer was almost accidental, when he did a favour by designing a pair of earrings. In 2010, Modi became the first Indian jeweller to be a feature on the Christie’s Cover. The Golconda lotus necklace that featured was auctioned for $ 3.6 million. Modi also made it to the Sotheby’s cover. In 2013, Modi became one of the youngest Indians to make it to the Forbes billionaire’s list. In 2015, he launched his first store on new York’s madison Avenue. The function was attended by then US presidential candidate Donald Trump. Nirav Modi financial worth is an estimated $1.73 billion.

Modi was born in India to a family in the Diamond Business. He was raised in Antwerp in Belgium. Where his family had moved to be at the centre of the world’s diamond trade. He went to Wharton Business school but dropped out and moved back to India. Where he trained in the diamond business under his uncle Mehul Choksi who ran Gitanjali gems. Modi went on to set up the Firestar Diamond International Pvt. Ltd under which the Nirav Modi brand operates. A fascinating business, Lifestyle everything one can dream to be successful was Nirav Modi living.

What happened in January 2019? Why CBI booked Nirav Modi, wife Ami brother nishal and uncle Mehul Choksi in an alleged cheating case on the complaint by the PNB.

We breaking down that for you!

Nirav Modi (Source - Business Today)
Nirav Modi (Source – Business Today)

As so many of us don’t know about the detailed explanation of this scam. So, today I am breaking down that for you, “Nirav Modi’s role” behind this largest Punjab National Bank Scam. Nirav Modi scam is one of the largest scams ever that happened in Banks. The Total value of this scam is around 11,000 crores rupees. Here I am going to explain this scam in simple words:

This Big time scam was first started in 2011, it was well planned. A man whose name is Nirav Modi has Jewellery and diamond business. Every year, he has to import diamonds from a Hong Kong seller. Hence to import diamonds, he has to pay money to the Hong Kong seller. Nirav Modi got a snapshot, If he continues to give money to the seller directly, then his assets will decrease. Instead, Nirav Modi wanted to take a loan from a bank. He went to the Punjab National Bank of Mumbai Branch and asked the branch office for the loan.

Somehow the bank officers were convinced with the purpose of the loan and explained understanding of the system for this import-export business. The tie-up with overseas banks eases the interest rate. To obtain such loans from the overseas bank one need to put some assets as surety which should worth the loan amount or greater than the loan amount. The PNB completely overlook this major assurance factor before processing the loan. The other banks and finance minister questions the integrity of PNB insiders for this scam! This elevate the question how? PNB INSIDER CAN OVERLOOK THIS? Well, some of the Bank Officers are arrested for the same.

Before the loan was sanctioned allegedly Nirav Modi Bribed the bank officers to share the x amount of % from the loan. Hence two bank officers sent a message to the Axis Bank in Hong Kong.

The message is, “Pay the money to the diamond seller who is in Hong Kon”. We are assuring your bank that Nirav Modi will repay the money with interest to your bank in a certain period of time.

If he doesn’t repay, then our bank will repay the money instead of him”. After receiving this message, the Axis Bank in Hong Kong paid the money to the seller. So every year, Nirav Modi started getting the loans without surety in the same process And he is extended the repay deadlines by paying the interest in time. Nirav Modi bought the two officers of Punjab National Bank and got the money which was required for his Jewellery and Diamond Business. This process took place from 2011 to 2017 and got an 11,000 crores rupees loan. How this scam came into public in 2018? Truth is like fire. At last, it has to come from out of the box.

Here, the same thing happened:

On January 16, 2018, Nirav Modi as usual, went to take a loan to the bank But The old officer was retired. Nirav tried to make deal with a new officer. This time, the new officer was an honest person. The new officer took this affair to his higher officials and tried to understand the loan transcation from 2011 to 2017. As soon as higher official determine the scam they filed a case with CBI. Still the questioned Remains HOW loan was Sanctioned of such magnitude?. CBI started the investigation. In the investigation, they revealed that Nirav Modi obtained 11,000 crores rupees as a loan without enough surety. Now, Punjab National Bank has to pay the loan amount to Axis Bank(Hong Kong).On one side, Nirav had nothing to do Another side, Axis Bank had nothing to do. In between them, PNB got Stuck. PNB has to repay the loan amount to Axis bank. PNB has to collect the money from Nirav to repay to the Axis Bank(Hong Kong)But do they have any assets? compared to loan sanctioned? NO

While reading about the scam or talking about these scams. You will hear 3 technical Terms.

  • Buyer’s Credit
  • LOU
  • SWIFT

These terms are used in banks majorly for import-export business. We should have an understanding of these terms AS the total Nirav Modi Scam was big-time Misuse of these Words…

Buyer’s credit: Axis bank paid the money to the Diamond seller on the behalf of Nirav Modi. That is called Buyer’s Credit.

LOU (Letter of Undertaking): PNB said to Axis bank that Nirav Modi will repay the money with interest in a certain period of time. If he doesn’t repay, then we assure our bank will repay the money with interest. This assurance given by PNB to the Axis Bank is called of letter of undertaking.

SWIFT: we communicate with each other through emails, banks also communicate with other banks through swift messaging software. Our international transactions are happening with this swift messaging software. In this case, PNB officers have to say to overseas Axis Bank to pay the money to the diamond seller. This has to communicate via SWIFT message only. This is a system of exchanging correspondence between Two banks is to ensure safety. To log in to this software, only authorized people to have permission. So, after receiving a swift message and LOU, axis bank paid the money to the diamond seller Because money transaction is only recorded between axis bank and diamond seller, this scam went undetected up to 7 years. The connection between the Axis Bank and PNB was the only limited swift message and LOU hence the scam was undetected.

So here, criminals are Nirav Modi and those two bank officers who took a bribe from him 58% of India’s wealth is concentrated among 1% population, and the remaining 42% of wealth is concentrated among 99% population. Among every three Indians, one is below the poverty line One thing we have to learn from these scams. There are shortcuts for success it doesn’t last. but Hard work always pays off.

Allegedly Nirav Modi was spotted in London! Well, I don’t want to comment on the laws and justice of our country but I believe we all are waiting for closure. Let us hope for the best. Do let us know what you think about the scam!

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