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With reporting over 96000+ cases and deaths due to coronavirus in the last 24 hours, the second wave of coronavirus’s curve doesn’t seem to flatten its curve. Though the cases reported yesterday didn’t surpass the record high cases of 103558 that got reported on Monday, it doesn’t change the cause of concern.

The reportage of over 1 Lakh cases in 24 hours is the highest since the inception of the pandemic in India and the highest in the world in the last 24 hours. Bashing the theory of lower death rates in the second wave of coronavirus, the fatalities per day have also surged since 9th March 2021.
According to a TOI report, initial fatalities since the beginning of the second wave of coronavirus were below 100 till 8th March.

But since then, the death rate, along with the new infections, has multiplied 4.5 times the previous record.

Also, several virologists and reports observed that the second wave of coronavirus has affected adolescents rapidly, unlike the first wave that peaked in September 2020.
According to statistics, the rampant opening of educational institutions and recreational activities has caused a sudden surge to the below 18.

The state of Maharashtra currently faces the heat of the second wave of coronavirus the most.
With crossing the mark of 57000 cases and 200+ fatalities in a day, Maharashtra is the worst-hit state in India and is the epicentre of coronavirus in India.
Other states and union territories currently on the brink of an explosion of community transmission include Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Gujarat and other smaller districts in India.

Owing to the explosion and breaching of 1 lakh + cases per day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be chairing a meeting on 8th April with the Chief Ministers of States to review the vaccination and sudden surge.

Coronavirus Vaccination during Second Wave of Coronavirus
Coronavirus Vaccination during Second Wave of Coronavirus

Earlier on March 17, 2021, PM Modi chaired a similar meeting because of the sudden spike cases.

This blog would make you aware of the possible causes of the second wave of coronavirus and restrictions imposed in several states.

3 Causes of Second Wave of Coronavirus


The discussion of variants has skyrocketed since the starting of the second wave of coronavirus in India. According to the information available in the public domain, India currently battles against a double variant, titled The variant of concern by the Health ministry. The double variant originated in India itself during the second wave of coronavirus and is currently prominent in Maharashtra.

Apart from the double variant, other foreign variants like the variants from the UK, SOUTH AFRICA AND BRAZIL are also suspected behind the sudden spike of cases.

As per Dr Randeep Guleria, Director of AIIMS Delhi, coronavirus, like any other virus, would continue to mutate, and several variants are bound to pop up in future.

Dr Guleria, in a recent interview, emphasized the need to upscaling genome sequencing in India.
He added that increasing genome sequencing would help healthcare officials track the origins of different variants and prevent sudden surges.

Laxity of People and Administration

There is absolutely no doubt that the lowering of guards and ease of restrictions contributed to the second wave of coronavirus. One can observe a paradoxical pattern in how the people treat the pandemic in the current scenario.

People who panicked and stayed at home at low risk of infection are now travelling and flouting the rules. And caused the second wave of coronavirus to surge rapidly than the first one.

Furthermore, with no exception to any of the political parties, the frenzy election campaigns shed light on the situation’s lack of seriousness.

Disbelief About Vaccines

Second Wave of Coronavirus
Second Wave of Coronavirus

Apart from fighting against the second wave of coronavirus, people are also fighting against their prejudices and presumptions. On the one hand, a sizable amount of people are hesitant to get vaccinated because of the baseless rumours on social networking sites. While on the other hand, people getting vaccinated for the first dose are flouting the rules right and left.

According to ICMR Director, the onus of avoiding a third and even dangerous wave of coronavirus in India is on ordinary people. He added that if the flouting of norms and health regulation continues, then the third wave, as evident in European countries, would be inevitable.

Restrictions of Worst Hit States. State Name Fresh Restrictions


(Restrictions till 30th April) ● Implementation of Section 144 from 7 am till 8 pm to avoid gathering in public places.
● Night curfew on all weekdays from 8 pm-7am till 30th April.
● Complete lockdown on weekends, starting from Friday 8 pm to Monday 7 am.
During night curfew and lockdown, only the people involved in essential services are permitted till 30th April.
● Closure of schools and colleges with exception to 10th and 12th board examinees.
● Work from Home orders for all private organizations except the manufacturing companies.
● Government offices to operate at 50% capacity.
● Closure of malls, salons, cinemas, swimming pools and place of worship.
● Only take away from the restaurant is allowed between 7 am till 8 pm.
● The public transportation would operate at 50% capacity.


(Restrictions till 30th April) ● Night curfew on all days from 10 pm to 5 am.
● Closure of Schools for the new academic sessions till further orders.
● Movement of only the individuals involved in essential services, medical emergencies and to those getting vaccinated.
● Stoppage of taxis and autos ferrying people except for those mentioned above.


● Complete lockdown in DURG district from 6/4/21 till 14/4/21.
● Authorization for weddings and social gathering with limitations.
● Closure of all educational institutions till further order.
● Ban on tourists spots in Raipur.


(Restrictions till 10th APRIL)
● Setting up of mobile vaccination centres in public places.
● Night curfew from 9 pm to 5 am in 11 districts.
● The shutdown of schools and colleges.


(Restrictions till 30th April)
● Night curfew from 8 pm till 6 am imposed in 20 districts.
● Schools closed for classes 1-9 till any ease of restrictions.
Uttar Pradesh
● Sealing of 20 houses on reportage of 1 coronavirus case and 60 homes on more than one positive case.
● Allowance of only essential services and movements.
● Closure of educational institutions till 11th April.
Apart from the states mentioned above, regions like Odisha and Rajasthan governments have also imposed night curfews to curb the second wave of coronavirus.

Also read about, the Holi Restrictions imposed due to Second Wave of Coronavirus in India

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